nutdrv_qx setup for Synology DSM7

I have a cheap no-name UPS acquired from Jaycar and was wondering if I could get it to connect to my Synology DS918+. It rather unhelpfully identifies itself as MEC0003 and comes with some blob of non-working software on a CD; however some investigation found it could maybe work on my Synology NAS using the Network UPS Tools nutdrv_qx driver with the hunnox subdriver type.

Unfortunately this is a fairly recent addition to the NUTs source, requiring rebuilding the driver for DSM7. I don't fully understand the Synology environment but I did get this working. Firstly I downloaded the toolchain from and extracted it. I then used the script from to download some sort of build environment. This appears to want root access and possibly sets up some sort of chroot. Anyway, for DSM7 on the DS918+ I ran EnvDeploy -v 7.0 -p apollolake and it downloaded some tarballs into toolkit_tarballs that I simply extracted into the same directory as the toolchain.

I then grabbed the NUTs source from I then built NUTS similar to the following

export CC=${PATH_TO_CC}/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bin/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-gcc
export LD=${PATH_TO_LD}/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bin/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-ld

./configure \
  --prefix= \
  --with-statepath=/var/run/ups_state \
  --sysconfdir=/etc/ups \
  --with-sysroot=${PATH_TO_TC}/usr/local/sysroot \
  --with-usb-libs="-L${PATH_TO_TC}/usr/local/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/sys-root/usr/lib/ -lusb" \


The tricks to be aware of are setting the locations DSM wants status/config files and overriding the USB detection done by configure which doesn't seem to obey sysroot.

If you would prefer to avoid this you can try this prebuilt nutdrv_qx (ebb184505abd1ca1750e13bb9c5f991eaa999cbea95da94b20f66ae4bd02db41).

SSH to the DSM7 machine; as root move /usr/bin/nutdrv_qx out of the way to save it; scp the new version and move it into place.

If you cat /dev/bus/usb/devices I found this device has a Vendor 0001 and ProdID 0000.

T:  Bus=01 Lev=01 Prnt=01 Port=00 Cnt=01 Dev#=  3 Spd=1.5  MxCh= 0
D:  Ver= 2.00 Cls=00(>ifc ) Sub=00 Prot=00 MxPS= 8 #Cfgs=  1
P:  Vendor=0001 ProdID=0000 Rev= 1.00
S:  Product=MEC0003
S:  SerialNumber=ffffff87ffffffb7ffffff87ffffffb7
C:* #Ifs= 1 Cfg#= 1 Atr=80 MxPwr=100mA
I:* If#= 0 Alt= 0 #EPs= 2 Cls=03(HID  ) Sub=00 Prot=00 Driver=usbfs
E:  Ad=81(I) Atr=03(Int.) MxPS=   8 Ivl=10ms
E:  Ad=02(O) Atr=03(Int.) MxPS=   8 Ivl=10ms

DSM does a bunch of magic to autodetect and configure NUTs when a UPS is plugged in. The first thing you'll need to do is edit /etc/ and override where it tries to use the blazer_usb driver for this obviously incorrect vendor/product id. The line should now look like

static usb_device_id_t usb_device_table[] = {

  { 0x0001, 0x0000, "nutdrv_qx" },
  { 0x03f0, 0x0001, "usbhid-ups" },
  ... and so on ...

Then you want to edit the file /usr/syno/lib/systemd/scripts/ to start the nutdrv_qx; find the DRV_LIST in that file and update it like so:

local DRV_LIST="nutdrv_qx usbhid-ups blazer_usb bcmxcp_usb richcomm_usb tripplite_usb"

This is triggered by /usr/lib/systemd/system/ups-usb.service and is ultimately what tries to setup the UPS configuration.

Lastly, you will need to edit the /etc/ups/ups.conf file. This will probably vary depending on your UPS. One important thing is to add user=root above the driver; it seems recent NUT has become more secure and drops permissions, but the result it will not find USB devices in this environment (if you're getting something like no appropriate HID device found this is likely the cause). So the configuration should look something like:


driver = nutdrv_qx
port = auto
subdriver = hunnox
vendorid = "0001"
productid = "0000"
langid_fix = 0x0409
#community =
#snmp_version = v2c
#mibs =
#secName =
#secLevel =
#authProtocol =
#authPassword =
#privProtocol =
#privPassword =

I then restarted the UPS daemon by enabling/disabling UPS support in the UI. This should tell you that your UPS is connected. You can also check /var/log/ups.log which shows for me

2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[11994]: =====log UPS status start=====
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[11996]: device.mfr=
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[11998]: device.model=
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12000]: battery.charge=
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12002]: battery.runtime=
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12004]: battery.voltage=13.80
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12006]: input.voltage=232.0
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12008]: output.voltage=232.0
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12010]: ups.load=31
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12012]: ups.status=OL
2021-08-09T18:14:51+10:00 synology synoups[12013]: =====log UPS status end=====

Which corresponds to the correct input/output voltage and state.

Of course this is all unsupported and probably likely to break -- although I don't imagine much of these bits are updated very frequently. It will likely be OK until the UPS battery dies; at which point I would reccommend buying a better UPS on the Synology support list.